Flora and Fauna of Matua Island
(middle Kuril Islands)

The field guide


Editors K.E. Sanamyan, N.P. Sanamyan


Two volumes, 900 pages, more than 400 species, 780 photos.
Paper and pdf versions are distributed for free:
Volume 1. Sea           Volume 2. Earth

 

In 2016 and 2017 two biologists, Nadya Sanamyan and Lena Panina were able took part in expedition to Matua Island (middle group of Kuril Islands).

 

From the very beginning it became apparent that this place is unique and the underwater world has not been investigated at all. Because most probably we will be not able to get there again, the maximum collections was done in 2016-2017. How do zoologists and botanists work during expedition? Usually they focused on their taxonomic group data collecting. Instead, it was decided to do as much science as possible and the largest possible number of animals and plants were photographed and collected. In 2016 the expedition to Matua Island lasted only two weeks, and four weeks in 2017.

 

It is hard to believe, but two researchers collected fantastic material on all main underwater and on land groups of animals, plants and fungi, in a very short time. The degree of novelty for the region for some groups went off scale, up to 100%. The number of new species was estimated at three dozen (they are listed below), but this material has more new species then were already officially described in the scientific literature.

After returning the expedition to Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, we began communicate with taxonomists working on different groups of animals and plants and sent them collection for identification. Most experts quickly identified the material and wrote descriptions for their taxonomic groups. But, this collaboration was not always effective, and for many groups the identification and description of species were made by ourselves. Atlas design, color correction, lossless conversion to the color profile required by the typography were made by ourselves too. If you want to do something well, do it yourself.

 

 

And here is a result:

 

 




18 (!) new species are already described in the material collected by two biologists, Nadia Sanamyan and Lena Panina, during a short time of the expedition. Many species are in work now, the list below will be updated:


1. Octocorallia

1. Genus Elenanthus Sanamyan et Sanamyan, 2020: 101
2. Elenanthus violaceus Sanamyan et Sanamyan, 2020: 101
Described in: Санамян К.Э., Санамян Н.П. Восьмилучевые кораллы (книдарии подкласса Octocorallia) // Флора и фауна острова Матуа (средние Курильские острова) : атлас-определитель. Том 1. Море / под ред. К.Э. Санамян, Н.П. Санамян. Череповец : ООО «Интрон», 2020. С. 98–107.
  The genus is named after Elena Panina

 


3. Clavularia anisimovi Sanamyan et Sanamyan, 2020: 107
Described in: Санамян К.Э., Санамян Н.П. Восьмилучевые кораллы (книдарии подкласса Octocorallia) // Флора и фауна острова Матуа (средние Курильские острова) : атлас-определитель. Том 1. Море / под ред. К.Э. Санамян, Н.П. Санамян. Череповец : ООО «Интрон», 2020. С. 98–107.
The species is named after Vladimir Anisimov who helped us a lot in an expedition.


2. Actiniaria

4. Urticina timuri Sanamyan et Sanamyan, 2020: 75
Described in: Санамян Н.П., Санамян К.Э. Актинии (коралловые полипы отряда Actiniaria) // Флора и фауна острова Матуа (средние Курильские острова) : атлас-определитель. Том 1. Море / под ред. К.Э. Санамян, Н.П. Санамян. Череповец : ООО «Интрон», 2020. С. 58–97.
  The species is named after Timur Shebchenko who always helped us with diving in Kamchatka.


3. Nudibranches

5. Onchidoris expectata Martynov et Korshunova, 2017: 398
Described in: Martynov A., Korshunova T., 2017. World's northenmost and rarely observed Nudibranchs: three new Onchidoridid species (Gastropoda: Doridida) from Russian seas. Zootaxa 4299 (3): 391-404.
  The species is named after Nadya Sanamyan (latin expectata = Nadya in Russian)


6. Borealea sanamyanae Korshunova et al., 2017: 27
Described in: Korshunova T., Martynov A., Bakken T., Evertsen J., Fletcher K., Mudianta I. W., Saito, H., Lundin K., Schrodl M., Picton B., 2017. Polyphyly of the traditional family Flabellinidae affects a major group of Nudibranchia: aeolidacean taxonomic reassessment with descriptions of several new families, genera, and species (Mollusca, Gastropoda). ZooKeys 717: 1-139.
Borealea sanamyanae is named after Nadya Sanamyan


7. Cadlina paninae Korshunova et al., 2020
Described in: Korshunova T., Fletcher K., Picton B., Lundin K., Kashio S., Sanamyan N., Sanamyan K., 2020. The Emperor's Cadlina, hidden diversity and gill cavity evolution: new insights for the taxonomy and phylogeny of dorid nudibranchs (Mollusca: Gastropoda). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 20: 1-66.

Cadlina paninae named after Elena Panina


8. Akiodoris romani Martynov et Korshunova, 2020: 177
Described in: Мартынов А.В., Коршунова Т.А. Голожаберные моллюски (моллюски отрядов Doridida и Nudibranchia) // Флора и фауна острова Матуа (средние Курильские острова) : атлас-определитель. Том 1. Море / под ред. К.Э. Санамян, Н.П. Санамян. Череповец : ООО «Интрон», 2020. С. 172–195.
  Akiodoris romani named after Roman Imangulov who helped a lot with diving during expedition

9. Cuthonella ainu Korshunova et al, 2020
Korshunova T.A., Sanamyan N.P. , Sanamyan K.E., Bakken T., Lundin K., Fletcher K., Martynov A.V., 2020. Biodiversity hotspot in cold waters: a review of the genus Cuthonella with descriptions of seven new species (Mollusca, Nudibranchia). Contributions to Zoology (2020): 1-68. DOI: 10.1163/18759866-BJA10017 [Published online 29 Dec 2020]


10. Cuthonella denbei Korshunova et al, 2020
Korshunova T.A., Sanamyan N.P. , Sanamyan K.E., Bakken T., Lundin K., Fletcher K., Martynov A.V., 2020. Biodiversity hotspot in cold waters: a review of the genus Cuthonella with descriptions of seven new species (Mollusca, Nudibranchia). Contributions to Zoology (2020): 1-68. DOI: 10.1163/18759866-BJA10017 [Published online 29 Dec 2020]


11. Cuthonella georgstelleri Korshunova et al, 2020
Korshunova T.A., Sanamyan N.P. , Sanamyan K.E., Bakken T., Lundin K., Fletcher K., Martynov A.V., 2020. Biodiversity hotspot in cold waters: a review of the genus Cuthonella with descriptions of seven new species (Mollusca, Nudibranchia). Contributions to Zoology (2020): 1-68. DOI: 10.1163/18759866-BJA10017 [Published online 29 Dec 2020]


12. Cuthonella sandrae Korshunova et al, 2020
Korshunova T.A., Sanamyan N.P. , Sanamyan K.E., Bakken T., Lundin K., Fletcher K., Martynov A.V., 2020. Biodiversity hotspot in cold waters: a review of the genus Cuthonella with descriptions of seven new species (Mollusca, Nudibranchia). Contributions to Zoology (2020): 1-68. DOI: 10.1163/18759866-BJA10017 [Published online 29 Dec 2020]


13. Cuthonella vasentsovichi Korshunova et al, 2020
Korshunova T.A., Sanamyan N.P. , Sanamyan K.E., Bakken T., Lundin K., Fletcher K., Martynov A.V., 2020. Biodiversity hotspot in cold waters: a review of the genus Cuthonella with descriptions of seven new species (Mollusca, Nudibranchia). Contributions to Zoology (2020): 1-68. DOI: 10.1163/18759866-BJA10017 [Published online 29 Dec 2020]


4. Ascidiacea

14. Botryllus flavus Sanamyan et Sanamyan, 2017: 307
Described in: Sanamyan K., Sanamyan N., 2017a. Shallow-water Ascidians from Matua Island (central Kuril Islands, NW Pacific). Zootaxa 4232 (3): 301–321.


15. Aplidium macrenteron nom. nov. Sanamyan et Sanamyan, 2017: 315
Described in: Sanamyan K., Sanamyan N., 2017a. Shallow-water Ascidians from Matua Island (central Kuril Islands, NW Pacific). Zootaxa 4232 (3): 301–321.


16. Distaplia matua Sanamyan et Sanamyan, 2017: 318
Described in: Sanamyan K., Sanamyan N., 2017a. Shallow-water Ascidians from Matua Island (central Kuril Islands, NW Pacific). Zootaxa 4232 (3): 301–321.


17. Aplidium matua Sanamyan et Sanamyan, 2017: 126
Described in: Sanamyan K., Sanamyan N., 2017b. Shallow-water Ascidians from Matua Island (central Kuril Islands, NW Pacific), part 2. Zootaxa 4337 (1): 121–131.


18. Synoicum polyzoinum Sanamyan et Sanamyan, 2017: 121
Described in: Sanamyan K., Sanamyan N., 2017b. Shallow-water Ascidians from Matua Island (central Kuril Islands, NW Pacific), part 2. Zootaxa 4337 (1): 121–131.


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